IPL Expo - 2012 - South Asia Dairy Congress

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South Asia Dairy Congress

India can be a Processing Hub for Dairy Industry


-- T V Satyanarayanan

Despite having achieved an impressive annual growth rate of 4.2 per cent in milk production in the last decade, vis-à-vis the world average of 2.2 per cent, India has to work much harder to meet the domestic demand, going up by leaps and bounds. Emerging trends indicate that the annual demand for milk in this country would be in the range of 200-210 million tonnes by 2021-22, as against the current output 121.85 million tonnes.

Going by even a lesser projected  demand of 172.2 million tonnes, as assessed by the Planning Commission in the tenth plan, the average incremental increase in milk production in India would need to be around  six million tonnes per annum. The trend has to be sustained over a period of next fifteen years. A tall order?  
This scenario was highlighted by Ms. Rajni Sekhri Sibal, Joint Secretary in Union Agriculture Ministry’s Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, in her keynote address to the South Asian Dairy Congress held in Bangalore. The congress was one of the concurrent events held along with Agri Tech India 2012 organised by Media Today group.

The congress, attended by experts and top scientists in animal husbandry and dairying, was coordinated by National Dairy Research Institute, Bangalore.

Vast opportunities

Ms Sibal sought to drive home the point that the scope, potential and opportunities for dairying are huge in this country, which is one of the biggest emerging markets for milk and milk products. Being a treasure house of experienced manpower with excellent technical know-how, India can be used as a processing hub to tap the benefit of a growing domestic market and markets in the developed economies.

After the keynote Address, Guests of Honour made their presentations.  Henk van Duijn, Counsellor for Agriculture spoke on certain aspects of dairy technology and techniques being followed in the Netherlands, a world leader in production of high quality dairy products.


Dr. A.K. Srivastava, Director, NDRI, Karnal, presided over the session.  The session was coordinated by Dr. P.K. Dixit, Principal Scientist, NDRI, Bangalore.
In his address of welcome, S Jafar Naqvi, Chief Coordinator, said the Dairy Tech India 2012 which was being held simultaneously, showcased everything  required to turn a traditional  family-owned dairy into a modern dairy business. All inputs required to modernise the dairy sector in India like good breeding practices, milking and milk processing machines, packaging systems and so many other products were on display.

Modernisation is vital for dairy development in India, since, only 16 per cent of the milk is at present handled by the organised sector. As a result, only a very small percentage of milk is being processed into value added products.

She also highlighted the growing relevance of efforts to enhance productivity of milch animals, health management and supply chain management. She assured all possible help for development of dairy industry in India and invited suggestions of dairy professionals for possible policy supports.

Technical sessions

The inaugural session was followed by Technical sessions. The 1st Technical Session was on “Milk Production and Animal Health Management”. It was chaired by  Dr. C.S. Prasad, Director, NIANP,  while Dr. B.S. Khanna, Regional Director, NDDB Bangalore was the co-chairman. Dr. N.K. S. Gowda, Principal Scientist, NIANP, Bangalore was the Rapporteur.

The session was coordinated by Dr. K.P. Ramesha, Principal Scientist, NDRI, Bangalore. The speakers and the subjects were:
Kamlesh R Trivedi (NDDB), on “Animal Breeding”,  Ms. Josephine Verhaeghe, Cid Lines, Holland, on “Mastitus control & increasing Milk Production”. Klaas Leeuw, Akzo Nobel KNZ, Holland  on “Animal Nutrition and Productivity”. Shashikant Singh Tomar and  Aleem Shaikh,   DeLavel India, shared their ideas on “Animal Health, Milk Quality & Mechanization in Dairy Farming”.

Food safety

The second Technical session devoted to the crucial subject of food safety.  Was chaired by Dr P A Shankar Director PGS, KVFSU, Bidar.  Dr B V Venkateshaiah, Dean PGS, KVAFSU was the co chairman.


The following presentations were made: Food safety and Dairy Industry by Tejbhan Thairani, Ex-CEO, Haryana Dairy Federation & Consultant, Mehsana Union Unit of AMUL; Milk Collection and Testing Systems in India by Ms Karan Nangia, Director, Benny Impex; Animal Identification and Traceability in India by Thomas, AllFlex India; and, Instrumentation and their role in improvement of process efficiency and safety by   Bernhard Gleri, Director of Product Management and Marketing, Negele Messtechnik GmbH.

The next session was devoted to Dairy Processing and Packaging. Dr Satish Kulkarni, Head, NDRI, Bangalore was the chairman while K L Gajendran, former KM, Kolar Milk Union was the Co-chairman.

The Topics for discussion and speakers were:

Dairy packaging by Raghunand Krishnan, Reliance Industries Ltd; Dairy Processing by Bart Bhermans, Bodes Process Technology BV;  and, Role of Dairy Industry in Rural Economy by A Suresh, General Manager, Tirumala Milk Products, Palamaner.

Challenges of dairy industry

Excerpts from keynote address by Rajni Sekhri Sibal

The Animal Husbandry, Dairy Development and Fisheries sectors play an important role in the national economy and in the socio-economic development of the country. These sectors also play a significant role in supplementing family incomes and generating gainful employment in the rural sector, particularly among the landless labourers, small and marginal farmers and women, besides providing cheap nutritional food to millions of people. Livestock are the best insurance against the vagaries of nature like drought, famine and other natural calamities.

Sector's Contribution

The contribution of livestock sector in agriculture in terms of output, which was 17.3 per cent during 1980-81, increased to 28.40 per cent in 2009-10. Similarly, contribution of the sector to National GDP has been around 5 per cent over the years, despite pronounced variation observed in contribution of crop sector to National GDP, indicating the stability of the livestock sector. The value of output from livestock and fisheries sector together at current prices was about Rs. 4,614 billion during 2010-11 and the contribution of milk alone is about Rs 2,622 billion which was higher than paddy, wheat and sugarcane.

India stands first in terms of the bovine population having 20% of the world’s population.  In spite of India’s position as highest producer of milk, productivity of our bovines is very poor.  It is only 1525.20 Kgs/year as compared to the world average of 2,159 Kg/year.  The productivity in China and Pakistan are 2140 Kg/year and 1681 Kg/year respectively. We know that the low productivity in our country is mainly due to low genetic potential for milk production of non-descript bovines and poor level of nutrition.

Yield Increase

The milk production in India during last decade increased from 78.3 million tonnes to 121.85 million tonnes. As per FAO, the average growth in milk production in the world during last decade was at 2.2% whereas in India the annual growth rate for the domestic milk production is higher at 4.2% for the corresponding period.  An increase in the growth rate of milk production has contributed to increase in the per capita availability of milk close to world average, notwithstanding the increase in human population.

Major Constraints

In the livestock sector, major constraints experienced by farmers relate to breed, feed and fodder, health care and remunerative prices for the produce. The policy envisages addressing these issues through adopting an appropriate strategy. As Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries is a State subject; the emphasis of the Department has been on supplementing efforts of the State Governments in the development of these sectors. The Department of Animal Husbandry has been providing assistance to the State Governments for the control of animal diseases, scientific management and upgradation of genetic resources, increasing availability of nutritious feed and fodder, sustainable development of processing and marketing facilities and enhancement of production and profitability of livestock and fisheries enterprises.

India -- an emerging market

India is one of the biggest emerging markets, with over 1.2 billion population and a 300 million strong middle class. Rapid urbanisation, increased literacy, increased participation of women in workforce and rising per capita income, all have caused rapid growth and changes in demand patterns, leading to tremendous new opportunities for exploiting the large latent market. Demand for milk continues to rise on account of increased consumption and growing population. The per capita household consumption of milk has increased both in rural and urban areas.

Government Support

Government is actively supporting the dairy sector by implementing various schemes like National Dairy Plan (Phase-I), National Project for Cattle and Buffalo Breeding (NPCBB), Fodder and Feed development scheme, Intensive Dairy Development Programme, Strengthening Infrastructure for Quality & Clean Milk Production, Assistance to Cooperatives & Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme to increase the milk production in the country. The Government through suitable Interventions is assisting dairy cooperatives in creation of infrastructure and improving conditions in dairy plants to ensure proper hygiene and food safety. Cooperative dairy plants are assisted in implementing food safety and quality management systems, achieving energy efficient operation and maintaining clean environment.

Last Updated: 2012-09-11 04:03:50  
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