Dr. V. Kumaravel, M.V.Sc.,

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Company Name Dr. V. Kumaravel, M.V.Sc.,
Contact Person
Address KRISHI VIGYAN KENDRA Veterinary College and Research Institute Campus,
Namakkal, Tamil Nadu, India.
Zip / Postal Code 637002
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Description

ALTERNATE POULTRY  FARMING  PROVIDES SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD SECURITY FOR SMALL AND MARGINAL FARMERS


Dr. V. Kumaravel, Dr. K. Senthilkumar, Dr. M. Sakthi  Priya and Dr. B. Mohan


KRISHI  VIGYAN KENDRA

  Veterinary  College and Research Institute Campus,

  Namakkal  – 637002.


In India considerable percentage of farmers are fall  into the category of small and marginal farmers or landless labourers. To help  them get rid of the encircling poverty, increasing attention on agro based  livestock or poultry occupation suited to rural environment.

  Alternate Poultry  farming with Desi chicken,Turkeys, Quails, Guinea fowl and ducks are gaining  monentum among rural landless, small and marginal farmers. The initial  investment in terms of housing and operational expenses as concentrate feeds  are less and affordable.

  Indigenous  poultry birds are well adapted to Indian climatic condition of back yard  farming and they produce egg and meat at the least possible cost. A single farm family can maintain a  flock size of 10 to 200 birds with a minimum  care of 2 to 4 hours per day.

  The first month  care in brooding the chicks is very important and later they are reared in free  range system with limited concentrate feeds. Greens and vegetable wastes can be  fed adlibitum. Fallen fruits from orchards, waste grains and pulses from flour  mills can also be fed to mimise the production cost. Breeder stocks should be  fed as per the formulations given below to obtain the maximum egg yield and  hatchability.


  
    
    
    
    
    
  
  
    
    
    
    
    
  
  
    
    
    
    
    
  
  
    
    
    
    
    
  
  
    
    
    
    
    
  
  
    
    
    
    
    
  
  
    
    
    
    
    
  
  
    
    
    
    
    
  
  
    
    
  

Alternative    Poultry

Desi    Chicken

Turkey

Quails

Duck

Varieties

Assel,

      Kadakanath,

      Nacked neck,

      Frizzle and

      Cross Bred Desi Birds

      Namakkal Chicken – 1,

      Giri Raja,

      Vana Raja.

Board breasted bronze,

            Beltsville small white,

      White    Holland, Nandhanam

Nandhanam,

      Namakkal quail,

      Namakkal gold quail for egg    purpose

Khaki Campbell for egg laying,


        

White Pekin for Meat

Incubation Period 

21days

28 days

17 days

28 days

Brooding Period 

7 – 15 days

7 – 15 days

7 – 15 days

15 – 21 days

Space requirement

Chicks : 5 chicks / 1 ft,

      Grower : 2 chicks / 1 ft,

      Layer : 1 bird / 2 ft.

Chicks : 5 chicks / 1 ft,

      Grower : 2 chicks / 1 ft,

      Layer : 1 bird / 2 ft.

Chicks : 5 chicks / 1 ft,

      after 2 weeks may shit to    cage system

Chicks : 5 chicks / 1 ft,

      Grower : 2 chicks / 1 ft,

      Layer : 1 bird / 2 ft.

Alternative    Poultry

Desi    Chicken

Turkey

Quails

Duck

Vaccination Schedule

Ranikhet Disease vaccine    : 

      7th day, 5th Week – lasota –    eye drop.

      9th Week RDVK after that once    in 3 month.

      Fowl pox vaccine :

      8 – 16 Weeks of age

Ranikhet Disease vaccine    : 

      7th day, 5th Week – lasota –    eye drop.

      9th Week RDVK after that once    in 3 month.

      Fowl pox vaccine :

      8 – 16 Weeks of age

Vaccination not required

Duck plague vaccine :

      8– 12 weeks

Production Details

Body weight 1.5 – 1.7 Kg  at 4 – 5 Months

Body weight 4.00 – 5.00 kg at    4 -5 Months

200 g – 225 g at 35 to 45    days

Egg laying starts after 4-5    months and laying 250 to 300 eggs

Feed Ingredients and    Formulation

 


        

Maize : 30 %, Sorgum : 5 %,    Broken Rice : 15 %, Fish Meal : 6 – 8 %, Soya bean meal : 5 %, Sunflower cake    : 5 %, Rice bran : 9 – 20 %, Mineral Mixture : 2.5%, Vitamin Mixture : 250g.  For laying birds 6 kg shell grit should be    added.


Alternate Poultry farming provides  livelihood security to the family in addition to securing the availability of  food. Unemployed youth and women can also earn an income through poultry  farming.


Last Updated: 2013-08-24 05:23:13  
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