Dog Health care and training information for a new puppy dog owner

Dog Care - Introduction
Courtesy: Indian Immunologicals Ltd

Introduction:
Pets especially dogs make the best of companion animals. It is advisable to acquire a pup and train it to your surroundings and to your family members, than taking on adult which might have adjusted to some other surroundings.

When you acquire a pup and bring it first time to your house please do not rush to it and show your eagerness and appreciation of how cute it is or grab it by the forelegs etc. These actions may scare the pup. The best way to handle a pup is to cradle it by supporting its chest and hind legs.

Allow the pup to settle down quietly and let it snoop around to acquaint itself to the new surroundings.

Bedding
A box with soft clean bedding can make a good bed for a pup. Prepare the bed before you get the pup home. If the pup you acquired has a light coat then it is suitable for indoors. The bedding should be in a clean, warm, dry place. Don't keep the bedding near windows, air conditioners etc., where it is exposed to extremes of temperature. Artificial heat also harms its skin. , Hence, bedding should be away from stoves, heat etc. The bedding should be cleaned at regular intervals. If the pup has got heavy coat, it is suitable for outdoors and would like to sleep outdoors. It is advisable to build a small dog house to protect the pups from sun, wind and fog.

Bathing
It is a myth that dogs need bath everyday / week.

There is no need for giving a bath to the pup every week. In fact the first bath should be given when the pup is several months old. If you give a bath at three to four weeks interval, it is sufficient to keep the pup clean. During winter, do not allow the pup outdoors for at least 6 hours after the bath.

Grooming
Brushing and combing stimulates circulation to the skin. It tones up the skin and gives a healthy look for the coat. The pup should be frequently groomed to develop a shiny and glossy coat. Regular grooming keeps the dirt and loose hair away. The nails should be trimmed periodically.

Toys
Artificial rubber balls etc., will keep the pups busy and playful. They will also provide exercise for teeth and gums. The toys will also divert the attention from the domestic / household products and prevent destruction of them. Make sure that the toys are large enough so that they will not be swallowed by the pup.

Deworming
The pups are more prone to infestation with intestinal parasites. If there are only a few worms, we may not feel their presence. However, if the infestation is too heavy, you can observe the pup losing weight and all the visible mucous membranes become pale. It is advisable to diagnose the parasitic infestation before deworming is attempted. Regular deworming and health check up at least three to four times in a year will keep the pup healthy.

For any other health problem, please consult your friendly neighbourhood veterinarian.

A few things to remember
A light tap on the nose with a finger and a firm voice is enough punishment for a pup. Do not strike it with a hand or newspaper or stick.
Be patient with your pet

Do give plenty of exercise.

Once you observe the pet dull or ill, take if to a veterinarian immediately.
Do not feed bones which split up easily.
Don't pick the pup by ifs fore limbs.
Avoid feeding chocolates and other sweets unless they are specifically manufactured for dog use.

Do not allow the pup to play in dirt and streets.

Discourage the pup from sleeping on the furniture.
Too frequent bathing is no t required.
Do not allow it to trouble your guests.
Keep the water dish always filled with fresh water.
Complete all the formalities of licensing if applicable from the local authorities.
Vaccinate the pets using tried and tested vaccines like Raksharab and Megavac.


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