Dog Health care and training information for a new puppy dog owner

Dog Care - Training
Courtesy: Indian Immunologicals Ltd

Training
When you train the pup, the first thing to remember is to have a consistent temperament. The animals do not like unpredictable and inconsistent temperaments. The training should be gradual and gentle. Avoid yelling, grabbing, kicking during training. Do not start the training immediately after a full meal. A pup should be well nourished and healthy to learn new tricks. Too ambitious training programme will not be successful. The dogs can be trained to conduct, to herd sheep and cattle, to lead the blind etc. They can be trained to become watch dogs, hunting partners and sniffer dogs to solve the crimes or to detect explosives, drugs etc. Please always remember that the dogs habits, good or bad, are ^S? acquired through training from the master. If you earn the friendship and trust of a pup in its early life, you can train it whatever way you want without any problem. But it is very important to earn the trust of your pet. The training can start with a few simple commands like to walk on the leash without pulling, to sit or to come to you when called.

Training a pup can be a good experience for the owner as well as the pup.

A proper time preferably before feeding is ideal for training. Open air or indoors are equally ideal for training depending on the weather. Walk a few paces from the pup and call it by name. The hearing of a pup is very sharp, so make the tone appealing. Once the pup comes to you do it again by moving away from it. When the pup comes to you promptly a pat or a hug is reward enough for it to learn faster. It can also be treated with a small snack as a reward for obeying the command.

Making the pet to walk on leash may be slightly difficult job as the pup would like to run and pull you along when it comes outdoors. Always keep the pup on your left

side. Be firm when it is trying to pull you. Make it understand that a steady pace is what is expected of it. The leash between you should be slack.

Teaching simple obedience lessons

Housebreaking your dog
This is the first basic obedience lesson for every dog. The dogs can learn it easily just when they are old enough to walk. The dogs will take it easily as they are naturally fastidious animals. Your dog is as interested as you are regarding cleanliness. Even the puppy will not mess up its bedding. The first rule in housebreak-ing your dog is to familiarize it with the house and the boundaries. Keep it on a regular feeding and exercise schedule. Follow the four steps:

a) Tie the puppy near its bed for the first few days. Dogs don't like wet bedding, so look at it as often as possible.
b) Take it out as frequently as you can but definitely after its meals, sleep or play and in between, if possible.
c) When the puppy goes out and relieves itself appreciate it and pat it. It will make it understand that it did a right thing.
d) Gradually reduce the number of outside trips. Now the puppy can be kept free without tied up. By this time it will mingle with the family and still not wet the carpets.

Training the dog to "heel "
Heel is a basic lesson in dog's training. It determines its adaptability to other lessons. It is essential that the pup learns to heel very well. This lesson should wait till the pup overcomes some of its curiosity and playfulness. It will learn more quickly and it will be less frustrating at that time.

a) Introduce your pup to collar and leash as soon as it overcomes its inquisitiveness.

b) Start with the pup on your left side and hold the end of the leash in your right hand. The left arm should hold the middle of the leash of your side. Start walking at a comfortable pace giving the command to heel. The pup may wander from side to side in the beginning, but keep on training it and repeat the command as you progress.

c) During the next few days keep the pup closer to your side. Don't pull it if it lags behind. Give short, quick jerks repeating the command. Each walking can last for about 15 minutes. At the end of the walking you can reward the pup with a small treat to encourage it.

d) When the pup learns to heel consistently, it is time for the next lesson. It should adjust its pace to yours. Teach it to take the turns to left or to right, always keeping the correct position. Be patient. In case it fails, train it repeatedly and appreciate when it does things the right way.

Teaching the dog to "sit ' and 'lie down"
These are the most important obedience lessons that will make the dogs life easy to dwell with the family. When well trained, it will respond to the commands "sit" or "lie down" even when it is running at full speed. You will find it very easy ,to successfully train your dog even without previous experience by just remembering the 3 R's of dog training : Reason, Repetition and Reward.

a) Teaching the dog to sit is an easy job. To train the dog to sit, hold the leash close to the collar with your right hand and push the rear of the dog with the left hand saying "sit". It will understand the command and this can be repeated a few times to make it understand the command. Remember, the pets like a soft voice.

b) While walking at heel, give the command "sit", pull the leash upwards with the right hand and push downwards on the dog's hind quarters with your left.

c) When the dog learns the lesson on tight leash, gradually make the dog do it on loose leash and then without leash. Appreciate it and give it a small treat at the end of every successful lesson.

d) After the "sit" command, it is time for it to learn "lie down". Start with the sitting command and then command it to lie down. Kneel beside the dog and pull down the leash forcing it down

e) Don't pat your dog when it responds to lie down. (this makes it want to get up again). The appreciation can be showed by way of a small treat put on the ground so that it need not move to get it.

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