Strategies for New Castle Disease Control and eradication from India

S. N. Singh
5A Wireless Colony, Aundh, Pune-411007
Email: [email protected]

New Castle Disease (ND) also known as Ranikhet disease (RD) is highly infectious of all known viruses and the biggest economic loss attributed in poultry sector. India is endemic for the presence of ND virus. Since decades, different vaccines (live and killed) and vaccination regime are being followed for both layer and broiler birds. The ND virus is being classified in Paramyxo group, a rapid test, quality potent vaccine availability initiative by parivate and / or public sector certainly will be the prime driver to go ahead with control of this disease and finally eradication. India has shown the way in case of RP and now FMD in case of large ruminants of having economic benefit to national GDP.

Therefore time has come that poultry sector growth will depend on disease status and must take a serious view on one viral disease i.e. ND and may be a bacterial disease - Salmonella in future to be taken up as challenge in 2005. The commitment for poultry sector growth, at least one disease will show the path of awareness, biosecurity, Hygiene, safe food – meat & egg, for the farming community in WTO global competitive market potential. Under the national strategies, Assistance to States for Control of Animal Disease (ASCAD) ND as an economic disease could be taken-up for control and eradication with budget provision could be in the districts and states for geographical region.

The strategic move to control the disease under WTO/GATT, on way to eradicate in India. Even, zoonotic importance, mortality in birds, barrier for trade both within but outside India. New vaccine e.g. Thermostable, pellet forms and oral feed and water are the easy ways and means to deliver the vaccine and complete the vaccination in time with least cost. Poultry being private farming as compared to large ruminants in scattered villages. Problems and obstacles will come due to other infectious or toxin, feed, contaminated water, unhygienic housing, not having biosecurity regulations, certification of chicks. Lab. facilities to carry forward the diagnostic services and testing for antibody level or sero conversion which will finally ensure the vaccination coverage successfully.

National economic agenda SPS being global, many more diseases will be coming on the way to keep a database of Prevalence of the Diseases e.g. IBD, Marek’s Disease, Fowl Pox, Coryza, Fowl Cholera, IBD, IB, IBH, Salmonella, E. Coli etc Many more diseases will exist but at least one – ND is controlled and eradicate, will set an example in poultry sector for positive signal for success. Once all the scientific data collected, synthesized by positive thinking process, certainly disease mapping risk assessment will follow the way to give priority of the diseases and control strategies – Programme Designed involving Breeders, Feed Producers, Integrators, farmers, vets cooperative NGOs with active political commitment, task will be easy to perform and succeed due to Private and people active involvement as compared to other species..

Therefore, the future strategies to control the most endemic economically important disease like ND/RD with investment by Private and public sectors to take freedom from ND in India will be boost to poultry sector growth and initiate economic growth phenomenon to compete internationally export and import policy to be reviewed to ensure the disease control, breeding lines to be ensured for free disease status. Recent Biotechnological with Molecular tools could give genome library database,s feed conversion , input output ratio and finally a safe food to public general health in the country like ours for ensuring babies and pregnant women and senior citizen a way of life forward as safe and healthy.

Source : IPSACON-2005

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