Comparative studies on hatchability of different duck breeds

M.K. Padhi, B.K. Panda, S.C. Giri and S.K. Sahoo
Regional Centre, Central Avian Research Institute
Jokalundi, In Front of Kalinga Studio Bhubaneswar

Comparative hatchability studies of two exotic and two native ducks both layer and broiler types are recorded from January to October 2004 from the eggs produced under intensive farming system. The exotic layer Khaki Campbell is compared with native layer ducks commonly called “ Batak”in Orissa State. Similarly the broiler exotic Pekin White is compared with the native meat type duck popularly known as “Moti” or Kadua Hans.

The number of eggs set during the said period consists of 9449, 255, 351, 2797 fertile eggs of Khaki Campbell, White Pekin, Moti and Desi ducks respectively. The hatching was under taken using the single setter and hatcher. The setter and hatcher environment was kept similar to that of chicken eggs with out much deviation. The number of ducklings obtained were 4311, 64, 101 and 876 in Khaki Campbell, White Pekin, Moti and Desi ducks respectively. The hatchability percentage on basis of total egg set was 45.62, 25.10, 28.77 and 31.38 % in Khaki Campbell, White Pekin, Moti and Desi ducks, respectively. Best hatchability percentages were found in Khaki Campbell followed by Desi, Moti and White Pekin. Moti and White Pekin ducks which are kept for meat purpose showed poor hatchability than egg type ducks. In general, hatchability was observed to be poor during rainy season. The poor hatchability indicates that the temperature and humidity required for chicken may not be appropriate. Some modifications of the hatcher and setter environment are required for obtaining better hatchability for the duck eggs.

Source : IPSACON-2005

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