Poultry exports in post WTO period
In future a significant factor that could affect Indian agriculture is WTO Agreements. Having signed on agreements and initiated various policy measures to comply with the agreements, India has to constantly be on guard to evaluate and foresee the impact and take necessary pro-active measures to negotiate effectively in the subsequent round of negotiations. There is also a potential for increased export of Indian Agri Products under the WTO regime.
GATT, kept Agriculture out of its purview. A separate Agreement on Agriculture (AOA) negotiated and came into operation on 1st January 1995 to address issues relating to trade in agriculture. (The 8th round of talks under GATT (1986-1994), known as the ` Uruguay Round’ led to the birth of WTO on 1st January 1995.
AoA aimed at establishing a fair and market oriented agricultural trading system through substantial and progressive reductions in agriculture support and production. This resulted in correcting and preventing restrictions/distortions in World Agricultural Markets.
The agreement tries to;
The agreement threw up the following opportunities for India.Equal market opportunity
During the Doha round of negotiation, the Member countries agreed for comprehensive negotiation aimed at improvement in market access, reduction of, with a view to phasing out, all forms of export subsidies and substantial reduction in trade distorting domestic support.
The market access commitment prevents Member countries from imposing any restrictions other than through tariffs. All non-tariff barriers, including quantitative restrictions, were to be replaced by tariffs which in turn were to be progressively reduced by a simple average of 36 per cent over six years in the case of developed countries and 24 per cent over 10 years in case of developing countries. It was also stipulated that such countries would also provide minimum market access opportunities to the extent 3 % of its domestic consumption going up to 5 % at the end of the implementation period.
The perceived threats
1. Foreign exchange shortage?
4. Control over genetic resources
5. Non-commercial farming (subsistence level production)
6. Impact on allied sector like dairy, poultry and food processing.
7. SPS measures and TBT agreement.
Higher Price Realisation
Rice (Non Basmati rice) – Vietnam and Thailand.
Maintain the quality and purity in Basmati rice exports.
APEDA has already introduced the concept called Agri Export Zone (AEZ) to enhance private sector participation in agri and allied sectors (Year 2001).
APEDA has put its resources for creation of infrastructure in preserving fresh product and also in handling processed foods.
Poultry - Agri Business
Despite being the cheapest egg producer in the world, India is unable to export much;
Poultry exports have to given a big push. The Poultry sector should be treated
APEDA has in recent years
and, APEDA has participated in
|Source : IPSACON-2005|