Professional manpower requirement for poultry sector

P.V.K. Sasidhar, K.V.H. Sastry and Sandeep Saran
Central Avian Research Institute, Izatnagar - 243 122

The demand for professional manpower requirement with poultry specialization is mainly for poultry industry, poultry research and education, government service, private consultancy and practice. The growth in veterinary professional manpower was around 2.5 per cent against to the desired growth rate of 6.5 per cent per annum to meet the requirements of overall livestock sector. However, the poultry sector is advancing with the growth rate of 15 per cent per annum with related employment opportunities. This clearly indicates that poultry sector can absorb the competent manpower over and above 6.5 per cent per annum. Many state animal husbandry departments are running with shortage of veterinary doctors with almost 40 to 50 per cent vacancies in their cadre strength. The poultry departments of almost all the veterinary colleges in India are running in very pathetic faculty occupancy ratio of 0.40 to 0.60. This is adversely affecting the quality of the instructional delivery leading to lack of competency in graduates as desired by the poultry industry. Added to this, the government policy of privatizing the veterinary services and consequent decrease in public sector employment opportunities is preventing the students to elect veterinary science as career. At the post graduation level, abolishing the poultry science as a separate discipline and awarding degrees in livestock production and management discipline is causing adverse impact on employment opportunities for master’s degree holders in poultry industry. Further, in the context of WTO, food safety and certification of poultry export and imports is gaining momentum. To cater these needs, large number of poultry professional manpower is required. This paper based on the evidence argues that dire steps should be taken to cope with a significant increase in future demand for veterinary manpower for poultry sector. This paper concludes with the far-reaching measures required to meet out the existing shortage of specialists as desired by the sector.

Source : IPSACON-2005

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