Status of village poultry production in rural Garhwal Himalayas and its impact

M. H. Jilani, C.B. Singh & S.S. Bisht
Animal Science Section GBPUA&T, Hill Campus, Ranichauri Tehri Garhwal - 249 199

The village poultry keeping is a traditional and old age practices of under privileged section of the society of Garhwal Himalaya. Most of the rural house- holds specially women have been traditional rearing poultry birds under semi intensive system from a land time to meat up their family requirements. A study was initiated in Tehri District of Garhwal hills during 2003-2004 to understand the status of village poultry production and its impact. Our sample survey in Garhwal Himalaya indicated that Animal husbandry acts as major sources of income generation for land less poor farmers having 4-8 number of Animals and 6-12 poultry birds per family. These birds are mostly indigenous native domestic fowl. The main inputs provided by the owner are the in expensive night shelter and some house hold refuses. The birds are left for scavenging around the house and village alleys through out the day. With these inputs, the village poultry is capable of their low production (100-120 eggs per birds), but these birds are liked due to their hardiness, adoptability and colour preference. Important traits inherent with poultry birds observed such as growth, survival rate, profit and consumer demand were satisfactory. Some valuable indigenous fowl germplasm still exist in rural mountains, which need attention of the research workers to study these verities systematically and to make the best use of them in poultry breeding.

Source : IPSACON-2005

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