Herbal lecithin – A potential alternate for choline chloride in poultry diets
No.140, 4 thMain, Manjunathnagar, 1 st Phase
1 st Stage, WCR, Manjunathnagar, Bangalore - 560 010
Choline chloride is an essential component generally added in the broiler diets in the form of synthetic choline chloride (CC). CC is normally synthesized from trimethylamine (TMA). Excess levels of TMA (>500 ppm/kg) in diet cause performance losses in broilers. The CC synthesized in India contains higher levels of TMA (up to 50,000 ppm). An alternative for synthetic CC has been identified in the form of soya lecithin and fortified with co-enzymes (Lipo care). Two experiments were conducted to study the effects of replacing CC with herbal lecithin in broiler diets. In the first experiment, CC used (0.15%) was replaced in toto with herbal lecithin in a typical maize soya broiler diet. Each diet was fed to 110 days old broiler chicks up to 35 days of age. Body weight, feed efficiency and mortality was not affected by replacing CC with herbal lecithin. In the second experiment synthetic CC (60%) was replaced in toto with herbal lecithin (0.1% w/w) in high-energy broiler diet. Results indicated a significant improvement in body weights and a numerically lowered FCR in the herbal lecithin group. Similarly the liver lipid concentration in the herbal lecithin treated broilers was significantly lower. Further, Herbal lecithin significantly reduced the serum concentrations of LDL, HDL and triglycerides. The results indicate the possibility of replacing commercial choline chloride with herbal lecithin that does not contain TMA in broiler diets without affecting performance.