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Poultry diseases and treatment

Dr. Mujeeb Ather Asst. Director (Pathologist)
Veterinary Biological Research Institute, Hyderabad .

INFECTIOUS BRONCHITIS :

  • IT IS AN ACUTE, HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS VIRAL RESPIRATORY DISEASE OF CHICKENS.
  • IT IS DISTRIBUTED WORLD WIDE.

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TRANSMISSION :

  • AIR BORNE
  • FLOCK TO FLOCK TRANSMISSION VIA CONTAMINATED PERSONNEL OR EQUIPMENT.

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SYMPTOMS:

  • INCCUBATION PERIOD 18 TO 36 HOURS
  • GASPING, COUGHING, SNEEZING AND NASAL DISCHARGE
  • WET EYES AND SWOLLEN SINUSES
  • HUDDLED UNDER A HEAT SOURCE
  • REDUCED FEED CONSUMPTION
  • DECLINE IN EGG PRODUCTION
  • REDUCED HATCHABILITY
  • MISSHAPEN, SOFT AND ROUGH SHELLED EGGS.

GROSS LESIONS :

  • SEROUS, CATARRHAL OR CASEOUS OR CASEOUS EXUDATE IN THE TRACHEA, NASAL PASSAGES AND SINUSES.
  • CLOUDY AIR – SACS
  • SWOLLEN AND PALE KIDNEYS.

 

Rough shelled Eggs

 

Abnormal Normal

DIAGNOSIS:

  • SYMPTOMS AND LESIONS
  • DETECTING ANTIBODY TITRES
  • VIRUS ISOLATION.

PREVENTION AND CONTROL:

  • THERE IS NO SPECIFIC TREATMENT FOR IB, STRICT BIO – SECURITY
  • VACCINAATION.