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Poultry diseases and treatment

Dr. Mujeeb Ather Asst. Director (Pathologist)
Veterinary Biological Research Institute, Hyderabad .

INFECTIONS CORYZA
  • IT IS AN ACUTE BACTERIAL DISEASE OF CHICKENS CAUSED BY HAEMOPHILUS PARAGLLINARUM
  • THE GREATEST ECONOMIC LOSSES RESULT FROM POOR GROWTH PERFORMANCE IN GROWING BIRDS.
  • MARKED REDUCTION (10-40%) IN EGG PRODUCTION IN LAYERS

TRANSMISSION:

  • CHRONIC OR HEALTHY CARRIER BIRDS HAVE LONG BEEN RECOGNIZED AS THE MAIN RESERVOIR OF INFECTION (AIR BORNE).

SYMPTOMS:

1. INCUBATION PERIOD IS VERY SHORT 24-48 HOURS.

  • SEROUS TO MUCOID NASAL DISCHARGES.

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  • FACIAL OEDEMA
  • CONJUNCTIVITIS
  • TRACHEAL RALES
  • SWOLLEN WATTLES
  • DIARRHOEA, DECREASE IN FEED AND WATER COMSUMPTION.
  • REDUCTION IN EGG PRODUCTION (10 TO 40%)
  • HIGH MORBIDITY AND LOW MORTALITY.

GROSS LESIONS:

  • CATARRHAL EXUDATE IN NASAL PASSAGES AND SUINUSES.
  • CATARRHAL CONJUCTIVITIS, OEDEMA OF FACE AND WATTLES.
  • PNEUMONIA AND AIR SACCULITIS ARE RARELY PRESENT.

 

Facial Oedema

DIAGNOSIS:

  • SYMPTOMS AND GROSS LESIONS.
  • ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF THE ORGANISAM.
  • SEROLOGICAL TESTING LIKE TUBE AGGLUTINATION AND HI.

TREATEMENT:

  • CULTURE AND SENSITIVITY TEST.
  • LIXEN IS ONE OF THE DRUGS OF CHOICE.

PREVENTION AND CONTROL:

  • STRICT BIO SECURITY

2. IMMUNIZATION