Cost and returns structure in commercial broiler farming in Andaman and Nicobar Islands
B. GANESH KUMAR AND R.B. RAI
Central Agricultural Research Institute
P.B.No.181, Port Blair - 744 101 Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Andaman and Nicobar islands are situated in the Bay of Bengal around 1200 km away from the mainland. It has mainly typical hot humid climate with an annual average rainfall of over 3000 mm. The main agricultural activities are cultivation of areca nut, coconut and spices. With these, poultry farming is also gaining momentum here over the past decade. Particularly, people have taken up broiler farming in these islands because of high prices its meat fetches in the market. Under this scenario, a study was taken up to work out the cost and returns structure in commercial broiler farming. About 60 broiler farms of having different sizes, viz. small (< 300 birds), medium (301 - 900 birds) and large (> 901 birds) were selected in South Andaman island by random sampling and surveyed using pre-tested interview schedules. It was found that deep litter system was practiced for rearing broilers in these islands by all the small and medium category farmers and some large farmers, some of whom having batch size of more than 3000 birds reared them under cage system. Farmers made use of company feed available in the market. The cost of production per broiler was worked out to be Rs. 67.94, 64.88, 62.17 for small, medium and large farms, respectively. Total cost of producing an average batch size of 300, 900 and 1500 birds was worked out to be Rs. 20383 , 58391 and 93262, respectively. The total return from the sale of broilers and gunny bags for the above three sizes of farms was estimated o be Rs. 23160 , 69480 and 115800. Accordingly, the net return per bird was found to be Rs. 9.26, 12.32 and 15.03. The net return per Rs 100 invested was found to be Rs. 2.20, 2.29 and 4.31, respectively for the batch size of 300, 900 and 1500 birds. Hence, it was found that the profit would increase as the size of the unit increased, because of economies of scale operating in the broiler farming in Andaman Islands .