Economic evaluation of mash and pellet diets on broiler production reared under cage system
NIZAMUDDIN, A.K. SINGH, V.K. VIDYARTHI, V.B. SHARMA AND N.SAVINO
Department of Animal Production & Management, SASRD
Nagaland University Medziphema Campus - 797106, Nagaland
An experiment was conducted with 300-day-old commercial broiler chicks of Phoenix-cobb strain to study standard mash and pellet diets on economic production of the birds. The all chicks were offered a standard mash diet upto 21 days of age and thereafter all birds were divided into two groups of 150 birds each on the basis of body weight. The birds of group 1 were offered all mash diets; however, the birds of groups 2 were offered pellet diets from 22 days onwards till 42 days of age. The birds were maintained under strict hygienic conditions. The all components responsible for economic – rearing of birds were precisely recorded. The average cost of production for broiler birds was 62.60 and 65.12 Rs/bird in the groups 1 and 2, respectively. The average cost of production in terms of kilogram was 43.44 and 39.35 Rs/kg live weight of bird in groups 1 and 2, respectively. The cost of meat production considering the average dressing percentage as 68.50 and 69.40 percent in the groups 1 and 2 respectively was 63.42 and 56.70 rupees/kg dressed meat, respectively. The gross income was 16.66 and 25.91 Rs/bird and the net return in terms of per kilogram live weight was 11.56 and 15.66 Rs/kg live weight of broilers in the groups 1 and 2 respectively. From the above results, it is concluded that the pellet diets for broiler during post brooding rearing has greater return as well net profit than the mash diet under the prevailing condition of Nagaland.