Statistical methodology for estimation of poultry meat production in Gurgaon district of Haryana
MAHENDER SINGH AND ASHOK KUMAR
India Agricultural Statistics Research Institute
Library Avenue, New Delhi - 110012
The rapidly increasing demand for poultry products in recent years attracted more and more persons both in the villages and towns to poultry husbandry. The rearing of poultry provides an excellent opportunity for gainful employment to unemployed or underemployed members of rural families. Considering poultry meat vis-à-vis the other traditional meat like mutton, beef, sea foods, pork and hem, the picture is more favorable to poultry birds due to availability of genetically superior hybrid chicks to the farmers since early 1960s. Introduction of broiler meant for meat only, revolutionized the poultry husbandry. Broiler farming has been widely recognized as an important segment of poultry farming. It has grown bigger than commercial egg farming during the last couple of years. Today, broiler farming is a leader in the poultry husbandry having dynamic industry structure and a high growth potential. In spite of all this and a very bright future along with a great demand of poultry meat, however, no suitable statistical methodology is available for estimation of poultry meat production through commercial poultry farms at micro as well as at macro level. In the present study, an attempt has been made to develop a suitable methodology for estimating the poultry production through organized commercial farms in Gurgaon district.
Out of total 196 commercial poultry farms in Gurgaon district of Haryana, 60 farms comprising broilers, layers and parent stock spread over nine blocks (Gurgaon, Pataudi, Sohna, Farukh Nagar, Tauru, Firoze Pur Zhirka, Nuh, Nagina and Punahna) were selected for survey. The annual poultry meat production through organized farms in Gurgaon district during the reference year is estimated about 3252.56 tonnes. The maximum poultry meat production about 58.89 percent of the total production during the year was recorded during the winter season (October to March) and the percentage of production during summer and rainy season were only 21.20 and 20 percent respectively. Also, the maximum production of poultry meat about 84.11 percent is obtained through broiler farms and minimum about 6.72 percent through parent stock farms. Only 9.19 percent production of poultry meat was through layers farms.