Evaluation of egg quality traits in indigenous Kadaknath breed of poultry
S.N.S. PARMAR, P.N. SRIVASTAVA, S.S. TOMAR, P.V.A. PILLAI, I.S. TOMAR, AND T.C. TOLENKHOMBA
Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics
College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, J.N.K.V.V., Jabalpur (M.P.)
Indigenous poultry birds are well adapted to harsh environment of free range and they produce egg and meat at least possible cost. The Kadaknath indigenous breed of poultry is being reared by tribals living in Jhabua District of Madhya Pradesh. The birds require no extra care and housing which makes them suitable for backyard poultry farming. The present investigation was conducted under ICAR Ad-hoc project to assess the egg quality characteristics of Kadaknath breed at two field survey centers (Meghnagar & Jobat) of District Jhabua (M.P.). The eggs collected from farmers door were studied for various egg quality traits like shell color, shell strength, shell thickness, egg weight, shape index, albumin index, haugh unit, yolk index, yolk weight and albumin weight.
The overall average dark brown shell colour pooled for two centers was 67.87 percent, whereas light brown shell color was 32.12 percent. The 65.39 percent eggs were strong shelled, 32.06 percent medium and 2.56 percent brittle shelled. The mean shell thickness, shape index, albumin index, haugh unit, yolk index, yolk weight and albumin weight pooled for both the centers were found to be 0.309mm, 73.93, 7.03, 73.77, 37.07, 14.77g and 20.74 g respectively. Most of the egg quality traits studied at farmers door were found to be inferior when compared with Kadaknath birds maintained at poultry breeding farm, Veterinary College , Jabalpur and Government Poultry Breeding farm, Jhabua, which indicates that better managemental practices can improve the egg quality characteristics of birds reared by farmers under field conditions.